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Adaptive Brain Lab

 

New paper by Elisa Zamboni et al is availabe at BioRxiv in which we examine fine-scale computations for adaptive processing in the human brain.

Adapting to the environment statistics by reducing brain responses to repetitive sensory information is key for efficient information processing. Yet, the fine-scale computations that support this adaptive processing in the human brain remain largely unknown. Here, we capitalize on the sub-millimetre resolution afforded by ultra-high field imaging to examine BOLD-fMRI signals across cortical depth and discern competing hypotheses about the brain mechanisms (feedforward vs. feedback) that mediate adaptive visual processing. We demonstrate suppressive recurrent processing within visual cortex, as indicated by stronger BOLD decrease in superficial than middle and deeper layers for gratings that were repeatedly presented at the same orientation. Further, we show dissociable connectivity mechanisms for adaptive processing: enhanced feedforward connectivity within visual cortex, while feedback occipito-parietal connectivity, reflecting top-down influences on visual processing. Our findings provide evidence for a circuit of local recurrent and feedback interactions that mediate rapid brain plasticity for adaptive information processing.

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